A ladder is one of the most useful tools ever invented because it can reach high places otherwise difficult to access! Different types of ladders are available in the market today. Amongst all those types, the following three types are the most important ones:

Three Main Types of Portable Ladders

A portable ladder is erected by folding it into steps and secured at the top by a hook.

Step Ladders

Step ladders are the most basic type of portable ladder. They can range anywhere from 5′ to 25′ in length and usually consist of two side rails (most of the time two side rails) connected by rungs; they are used for work on surfaces 6′-8′ above ground. The two most common styles of step ladders are:

Fixed-length step ladders, also known as “yard ladders,” are the most common type of step ladder used by homeowners. They usually consist of a stepladder, a top stand, and a bottom stand. The top stand is a solid or tubular steel bar bolted or welded to a horizontal surface, such as the top of a garage, deck railing, or patio wall. The bottom stand typically consists of an angled tube that keeps the ladder from falling from its place when it is in use.

Telescoping step ladders come in two varieties: telescoping-step stools and telescoping-step ladders that include steps.

Telescoping-step stools are just that, stools with side rails that can be set at different heights. They are mainly used in workshops and garages to help mechanics work on vehicles.

Telescoping-step ladders without steps are most commonly used in non-industrial environments. They can adjust to different heights and fold up for easy storage. Telescoping Step ladders are often used by Electricians, Window washers, Plant maintenance workers.

Extension Ladders

Extension ladders can extend from 5′ to 25′ in length. They have a top rail and a bottom rail that connect at the center of the ladder, allowing for a maximum extension of 15′-25′. The most popular style is a 4′-6′ extension ladder held upright by a strap around the middle rung. The second style is an 8′-10′ extension ladder with semi-circular sides that fit two parallel or perpendicular workspaces. Extension ladders are used in both residential and commercial settings.

Extension ladders can be used for multiple tasks around the home or office. They provide extra reach but typically should not be used as a primary ladder. The extension ladder should be placed on a firm, level surface free of mud or dust, which can cause slippage. Extension ladders may have 1,2, or 3 side rails depending on manufacturer and model number.

Scaffolding Ladders

A scaffolding ladder is a particular type of portable ladder that is meant to be used on the outside of buildings. Scaffolding ladders are usually made from aluminum, steel, or fiberglass and have a slip-resistant footing for fixed base applications. Scaffold ladders can range from 15′ to 20′ in length and usually consist of one side rail and a rung system that connects the two sides.

Scaffolding Ladders Can Be Used In Many Different Ways:

To reach parts of your house that you cannot reach without them, such as attic rooms or chimneys. To work on exterior projects, such as building a shed or gazebo. To work on interior projects, such as installing a new door or painting the walls. To make repairs to your home or business, such as fixing a broken window or a leaking pipe.

Before you choose any ladder, consider the following factors:

The size of the ladder depends on the height you need to reach. If you are 6 feet tall, your ladder needs to be 6 feet at least to reach something 10 feet high. The longer the ladder, the more stable it will be.

Depending on what you are using your ladder for, you can use different types of ladders.

A simple double-pronged step stool or kids’ toy wooden step stool is typically sufficient for most household activities in relatively low heights. A fixed extension ladder should do the trick for more complex jobs with heights exceeding 8 feet around the home. A telescoping ladder can be used for larger jobs and in situations where much distance is covered. If you plan on using your ladder in wet conditions, such as in the rain, you should consider purchasing an all-weather ladder.

The maximum permissible height of a household ladder depends on the load to be lifted and the type of existing structure. Also, note that ladders and scaffolding should never be used at heights exceeding 8 feet. It would help if you never used an extension ladder or a stepladder at heights exceeding 15 feet.

If your ladder is too narrow, you will find it very difficult to climb on. If your ladder is too broad, you will have difficulty steering it, mainly not being used on a flat surface.

You have to choose between wood and aluminum ladders. Aluminum is lightweight, but it does not provide adequate support for someone using it. Wood is heavier than aluminum but offers much better support due to its square-edged steps. The edge of the steps are sharp, which can cut through protective gear or foot covers. It can also withstand various weather conditions without being affected in any way. It means that there are no chances of slipping, tripping, or falling off because of handrails that are not appropriately secured into their fittings. It also provides exceptional resistance against heat and ultraviolet rays.

A ladder is nothing without a ladder rack to place it on. Ladder Poles are usually made from steel and may have a diameter of 4-inches or 6-inches. These racks may come with a carrying handle that allows you to take the ladder out of this rack easily if needed. Ladder Casters will come in handy if you need to move your ladder around, so this is an essential purchase for anyone who uses their ladder often. A Ladder Lift can significantly extend the reach of your high ladder height by allowing you to carry the ladder up and down.


Ladders are an essential part of homeowners’ toolboxes, so purchasing the best ladder for you is essential. Before purchasing your ladder, however, think about your intended use of the ladder.